A major airborne scientific mission using state-of-the-art equipment to map landforms and vegetation in large areas of Australia is about to be carried out by CSIRO and UNSW in conjunction with NASA. The mission will provide vital information for environmental management and geological mapping.
The PACRIM 2000 mission will use NASAs DC-8 airborne research laboratory, flying at altitudes of up to 8000 metres, to chart and assess previously unknown information about our continent. The highly modified aircraft carries a suite of precision instruments that can see through clouds and in some cases detect features beneath sand and vegetation.
UNSWs Professor Tony Milne, co-chairman of PACRIM 2000, said the Australian mapping, commencing in Adelaide today is part of an unprecedented earth-mapping mission in the Pacific Rim region.
The data collected will enable scientists to map environmental resources in the Pacific and Asia region, some for the first time. Information collected by this mission will contribute to improved environmental protection techniques and increased awareness of regional problems, particularly those associated with climate change and possible sea level fluctuations, he said.
Professor Milne, in collaboration with the Australian Greenhouse Office, will be using some PACRIM-collected data to try to find a way to predict the amount of carbon stored in forests and woodlands and the amount which would be released into greenhouse gases by the cutting down of trees.
Dr Ian Tapley, a CSIRO scientist with the Landscape Evolution and Mineral Exploration CRC and coordinator of the scientific program for the mission, will use the data collected to identify sites of saline-groundwater seepage - areas associated with the development of acid-sulphate soils - in the Adelaide hills.
Acid-sulphate soils are a growing environmental problem, said Dr Tapley. Precise maps of affected areas are needed to help develop management strategies to minimise land degradation and to improve farm production and local water quality.
The PACRIM 2000 mission uses a sophisticated radar system known as AIRSAR to collect data describing the texture of earths surface and sub-surface features. AIRSAR is a side-looking radar that operates simultaneously at three wavelengths. It can also be used to produce very accurate digital elevation models and topographic maps as well as detect ocean current movements
In the Australian section of the mission, which will take four weeks, the plane will fly over all States and investigate 55 sites. The data collected will range from topographic mapping of Macquarie island, 1000km south of Tasmania, to monitoring mangrove species in Cairns and Kakadu.
The data collected will be processed at NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California before being handed over to the 25 Australian institutions, including CSIRO, universities and government departments, involved in PACRIM 2000.
Because radar can be operated day or night and can see through clouds, its possible to gather information in regions such as the tropics where weather may preclude the use of optical remote sensing, Professor Milne said.
Other areas to be mapped during PACRIM 2000 include Cambodias Angkor Wat Temple, a World Heritage wetland site in Malaysia, native timber forests in Indonesia, French Polynesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam.
NASAs airborne research laboratory will arrive in Adelaide this afternoon. Media wanting to see it during the mission should contact Professor Milne or Dr Tapley.
Outline of mission schedule:
Adelaide region Aug 17-24
Townsville region Aug 25- Sept 3
Alice Springs Sept 4-5
Perth Sept 6-7
Darwin Sept 8-13
For further details of the PACRIM 2000 mission, see: http://airsar.jpl.nasa.gov.
CONTACT DETAILS: Professor Tony Milne, mob. 0417 410 945, Dr Ian Tapley, CSIRO Division of Exploration and Mining, mob. 0419 877 797, or Amanda Hainsworth, UNSW Public Affairs and Development, tel. 02 9385 2873, Janelle Kennard, CSIRO Communications, tel. 02 6216 7157, Dr. Miriam Baltuck, NASA Representative in Australia, tel 02.6281 8500
Date issued: 17 August 2000